The State of the Internet Report is growing up - with this issue, it enters its tenth year of publication. Over time, it has matured in many ways, including its length, design, and the content it includes. Looking back at that first issue (all 17 pages of it), for the first quarter of 2008, we find that the report covered:
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The past few years have seen a dramatic increase in client support for TLS SNI (a technology standard that makes HTTPS much more scaleable). While early 2014 saw fewer than 85% of HTTPS requests being sent by clients supporting TLS SNI, many Akamai customers today now see client TLS SNI usage exceeding 99%. This shift means that deploying SNI-only Web sites is now increasingly viable, with 31% of the Alexa top-100k hostnames with valid certificates for HTTPS only presenting those certificates when TLS SNI is sent by clients.
One of the questions I am frequently asked about the State of the Internet is how things are changing - what are the trends we see in the data? As we've just closed out the ninth year of publication of the Connectivity report, I thought that it would be a good time to take look back and see just how much better things have gotten since the initial report, which covered the first quarter of 2008.
The graphs below cover the key connection speeds and broadband adoption metrics currently covered within the report, along with a look at connections under 256 kbps - some folks out there are still stuck on dial-up quality connections. For ease of review, we've aggregated the data at a continental level - obviously, that means that the changes seen in a specific country will be lost in the averaging. For more granular insight, similar country-level trending graphs can be built and exported (as can the underlying data) using the State of the Internet graph visualization tool. (And you can always contact us at email@example.com with questions as well.)
Today, we published the Fourth Quarter, 2016 State of the Internet / Connectivity Report. This issue of the report concludes its ninth year of publication. Over that time, everyone involved with the report at Akamai has worked hard to make it one of Akamai's most successful thought leadership programs. And of course, our readers have made the report a success through their ongoing interest in, and use of, its data, effectively making it a de-facto reference within the broadband industry.
The fourth quarter of 2016 was relatively quiet for web application attacks. The biggest sales season of the year usually signals a marked increase in the number of attacks for all customers - especially retailers. Many merchants breathed a sigh of relief at not being attacked during their most important shopping days.
If you grew up in the 1970's and 80's, this simple statement could ruin your holiday - if Mom & Dad hadn't had the foresight to stock up on AA, AAA, C, D, and 9-volt batteries before you opened your presents, you had to put your handheld video games, animatronic animals, and talking dolls aside for a few days. In contrast, today's gadgets tend to come with a USB charging cable, so needing to have batteries on hand is no longer a real issue. (And if you find yourself in a *Cables not included situation, you probably have one or more stashed away somewhere in your office or house that you can use.)
Over the last 10 years, connected devices have grown in popularity and availability. While keeping them charged remains an issue, keeping them connected has arguably become a bigger one. These devices now rely on Internet connectivity for activation, for core functionality, and for content - without it, they essentially become expensive paperweights. (You *do* still have some paper around, right?)
Each quarter the Akamai team delves into the volumes of data that we have at our disposal. Every time we do so we find something new and exciting, and this last quarter was by no means an exception. You might have heard of a little botnet called Mirai that set the Internet on its ear during the month of October.
For citizens of the most advanced economies, it is hard to conceptualize what being entirely cut off from the Internet would look like, let alone how it could actually happen. Is it as simple as flipping a kill switch or pressing an 'Off' button? Though unlikely in countries like the United States that have numerous independently operated providers and redundant Internet infrastructure, total shutdowns are still possible in geographies where this is not the case. In this post, you will learn two ways the Internet gets shut off at a national level, the likelihood that such an event could happen in the United States, and what makes a country's network susceptible to a total disconnection.
In February 2015, we published a blog post entitled "State of the Internet Metrics: What Do They Mean?" which itself was an update to an earlier "Clarifying State of the Internet Report Metrics" blog post, published in March 2013. The explanations in both posts are still relevant to the State of the Internet / Connectivity report series, but there are a few updates that are worth highlighting.
Gabon's ongoing "Internet curfew" is, unfortunately, representative of the new normal for Internet connectivity in some countries. After experiencing a near complete Internet outage in the country from September 1-5, connectivity returned. However, since that time, the country has put a so-called "curfew" into place, with Internet connectivity regularly disrupted each day between 6:00 PM and 6:00 AM local time.