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Dealing with Petya

Akamai is aware of and is tracking the malware threat known as "Petya". Petya is ransomware spread using several methods, including PSexec, Windows Management Instrumentation Command-line (WMIC), and the EternalBlue exploit used by the WannaCry family of ransomware. The malware spreads via port 139 and 445; it probes IP addresses on the local subnet for vulnerable systems.

HTTP2 is the second major version of the HTTP protocol. It changes the way HTTP is transferred "on the wire" by introducing a full binary protocol, made up of TCP connections, streams and frames, rather than simply being a plain-text protocol. Such a fundamental change between HTTP/1.x to HTTP/2, meant that client side and server side implementations had to incorporate completely new code to support new HTTP2 features - this fact, introduces nuances in protocol implementations, which in turn, might be used to passively fingerprint web clients.

Overview

Can you imagine anyone buying a car without airbags and without seat belts? I bet you can't!

So why is it that we buy computers without Antivirus software already installed, home routers without a firewall already installed or connected devices (IoT) that are lacking proper security controls?

Written by Avi Aminov and Or Katz

Overview

Imagine you are standing in the middle of a crowded train station and want to have a private conversation with an old friend. You've been waiting for the perfect time to contact him and get some advice on how to move forward with some important life choices.

But you couldn't wait any longer, and now you're on a train platform. There are many people around you. They're watching every move you make and listening to each word you say. You really, really need this conversation to be private!

WannaCry: What We Know

On Friday, May 12, news agencies around the world reported that a new ransomware threat was spreading rapidly. Akamai's  incident response teams and researchers worked quickly to understand this new threat and how to mitigate it. This blog post is a summary of what Akamai knows at this point.

Remember that this is still an evolving threat and this information may change.

Akamai will update this post as we collect new information.

DDoS Attacks against DNS Infrastructure in the News

DNS-based DDoS attacks have gained mindshare among Akamai customers lately, most recently with last year's Dyn attacks (written about on the Akamai Blog here and here) and this week's attack against Cedexis. DNS infrastructure is a ripe target for malicious actors hoping to disrupt a digital property's availability because it provides the initial resolution for an end user's browser client from hostname to IP address. At best, an attack against your DNS records can significantly delay an end user's connection. At worst, it can render your application inaccessible to the end user, either through a denial of service or through a DNS record hijack or forgery. DNS attacks have consistently been one of the top attack vectors for DDoS, according to Akamai's recent security data.

Low Risk Threat: DDoS Extortion Letters

Summary

Adversaries calling themselves the Lizard Squad have been sending businesses extortion letters, demanding payment in bitcoin to prevent a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) or other attack against their applications. These letters have been sent to businesses across the globe and across industries for several years, with little follow-through. These letters appear to come from multiple groups including Lizard Squad, the Armada Collective, and DD4BC, though in many case they are from copy-cat or imposter groups. A new wave of these letters seen by Akamai customers from "Lizard Squad" raise concerns that these threats may be legitimate.

Update: Vulnerability found in Apache Struts

Akamai has created two new WAF rules in response to new information about the Apache Struts2 vulnerability.  The first rule, the most recent version of KRS Rule 3000014, is a standard part of the Kona Ruleset and protects against the many common attacks leveraging  this vulnerability.  This rule is designed to allow organizations that have complex environments to continue operating without risk of the WAF rule interfering with their environments. However, this rule was intentionally designed to have as few false positives as possible, and may not capture future attacks against the Struts vulnerability. This rule will provide superior protection to rule 960010 for most customers.   

Managing risk is a key aspect of any business. This becomes more complicated when additional parties, such as vendors are brought into the mix. One of the strongest pieces of guidance on managing vendors that customers have brought to Akamai comes from the US Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) Bulletin 2013-29, wherein the OCC recommended that financial institutions strengthen their preparedness around third-party risk management, particularly in the field of cybersecurity. Many other global regulations exist with similar requirements.

DDoS of Past, Present and Future

The pervasiveness of technology has meant automation of tasks, allowing better productivity, with more time to do more. However, the dark side of technology would be that enterprises and individuals alike are vulnerable to cybercrimes, compromise of identities, loss of data and subject to malicious attacks.

In our recent 'State of the Internet / Security Q4 2016 report', we reported that Akamai mitigated 3,826 distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack events on our Prolexic network, a 4% increase in attacks since Q4 2015.