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SSL is dead, long live TLS

An attack affectionately known as "POODLE" (Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption), should put a stake in the heart of SSL, and move the world forward to TLS. There are two interesting vulnerabilities: POODLE, and the SSL/TLS versioning fallback mechanism. Both of these vulnerabilities are discussed in detail in the initial disclosure.

POODLE

POODLE is a chosen-plaintext attack similar in effect to BREACH; an adversary who can trigger requests from an end user can extract secrets from the sessions (in this case, encrypted cookie values). This happens because the padding on SSLv3 block ciphers (to fill out a request to a full block size) is not verifiable - it isn't covered by the message authentication code. This allows an adversary to alter the final block in ways that will slowly leak information (based on whether their alteration survives verification or not, leaking information about *which* bytes are interesting). Thomas Pornin independently discovered this, and published at StackExchange.

Excerpt: How POODLE Happened

The following is an excerpt from Akamai Security Researcher Daniel Franke's blog post on the POODLE vulnerability.  

Bodo Möller, Thai Duong, and Krzysztof Kotowicz have just broken the internet again with POODLE, a new and devastating attack against SSL. POODLE, an acronym for Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption, permits a man-in-the-middle attacker to rapidly decrypt any browser session which utilizes SSL v3.0 -- or, as is generally the case, any session which can be coerced into utilizing it. POODLE is a death blow to this version of the protocol; it can only reasonably be fixed by disabling SSL v3.0 altogether.

This post is meant to be a "simple as possible, but no simpler" explanation of POODLE. I've tried to make it accessible to as many readers as possible and yet still go into full and accurate technical detail and provide complete citations. However, as the title implies, I have a second goal, which is to explain not merely how POODLE works, but the historical mistakes which allow it to work: mistakes that are still with us even though we've known better for over a decade.

For the full post, please visit Franke's blog

Your Microsoft Patch Update for October 2014

Microsoft released its October 2014 Security Update Tuesday. Windows, Internet Explorer, Office, Developer Tools and .NET Framework are among the items affected.

Here is the full patch matrix:

When you consider security solutions, there is no catchall Internet security solution that addresses every web application security challenge. A multi-layered approach to Internet security is the most effective way to guard against all types of cyber-attacks, including DDoS, application-layer attacks and data breaches. But this is much more security technology and tools. You need to add what we call "Internet hygiene" to your defenses - taking internal measures to identify and minimize vulnerabilities in your websites and web applications.

Five Good Security Articles

Articles I'm reading include such topics as the mounting cost of social engineering, the Mayhem Botnet's exploitation of Shellshock, and some tips for better security in the healthcare industry.

Akamai University: FedRAMP 101

Akamai Edge 2014 continues today with the second day of Akamai University and API Boot camp. To coincide with this, I'm running two security lessons that are part of an upcoming video series. This is the final installment, and was written by Akamai program managers James Salerno and Dan Philpott.

Akamai Edge 2014 begins today and tomorrow with two days of Akamai University and API Boot camp. To coincide with this, I'm running two security lessons that are part of an upcoming video series. This is the first installment, written by Akamai CSIRT researcher Patrick Laverty.

Akamai Edge 2014: Shellshock and Heartbleed Resources

Akamai Edge attendees will hear the names of two security vulnerabilities a lot this week: Shellshock and Heartbleed. Both shook the security industry to the core this year, and Akamai security staff spent countless hours working to protect customers against these threats.

Before Edge gets underway, here are some resources to get familiar with what we've done to address the threats.

More on the Web Security Track at Akamai Edge 2014:
Akamai has created custom rules to help protect customers from the Shellshock-Bash vulnerabilities. The official names of these vulnerabilities and the WAF rules to address them are as follows:


Yesterday, we released an article on Akamai's security site detailing all of the CVE advisories now in circulation for Shellshock, and how they relate to Akamai's mitigation strategies. At the time we published, details had not yet been released for two of the six advisories -- CVE-2014-6277 and CVE-2014-6278.

Late yesterday, those details were finally released.