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For citizens of the most advanced economies, it is hard to conceptualize what being entirely cut off from the Internet would look like, let alone how it could actually happen. Is it as simple as flipping a kill switch or pressing an 'Off' button? Though unlikely in countries like the United States that have numerous independently operated providers and redundant Internet infrastructure, total shutdowns are still possible in geographies where this is not the case. In this post, you will learn two ways the Internet gets shut off at a national level, the likelihood that such an event could happen in the United States, and what makes a country's network susceptible to a total disconnection.

A bit of political controversy, and a lot of streaming

This morning, the pundits are busy debating whether last night's "Town Hall" will move the needle on the election, but one thing is certain: here in the US, it certainly moved a lot of bits. We delivered a peak of 3.6 Tbps across the ten broadcasters we worked with for the second Trump-Clinton match-up. Compare that to the 3.5 Tbps we peaked at during the Sochi games just two years ago. With dozens more broadcasters and a global audience, exceeding Sochi gives you an idea of just how much streaming has become part of the fabric of our media lives.

One of the sessions at the upcoming Akamai Edge Conference 2016 will be 'Exploring User Expectations for Business Critical SaaS Applications'. This session will be hosted by Robert Mahowald; Group Vice President at IDC who leads IDC's worldwide application and cloud services practices. Robert will share findings key insights from the recent Akamai sponsored IDC 2016 SaaS User Requirements survey. We caught up with Robert recently to learn more about the survey and what he would be sharing with Edge attendees.

620+ Gbps Attack - Post Mortem

On Tuesday, September 20, Akamai successfully defended against a DDoS attack exceeding 620 Gbps, nearly double that of the previous peak attack on our platform.

That attack and the recent release of the Mirai source code have generated a lot of interest in, and speculation about, the role of IoT devices in DDoS attacks. For several months, Akamai researchers have been looking into the code that is now known as Mirai. Much of that research was based on reverse engineering of the binary prior to the actual source code being released.

Providing employees with secure access to enterprise applications deployed behind the firewall is a core requirement for all businesses. Increasingly, businesses must also deal with delivering third-party access to critical applications whether hosted in the public cloud or a private data center.

In February 2015, we published a blog post entitled "State of the Internet Metrics: What Do They Mean?" which itself was an update to an earlier "Clarifying State of the Internet Report Metrics" blog post, published in March 2013.  The explanations in both posts are still relevant to the State of the Internet / Connectivity report series, but there are a few updates that are worth highlighting.

Your cloud-hosted workloads are your "main event". They are your commerce website, your CRM application, your collaboration tools, your partner portal, your corporate website, etc - the engines that drive your business and enable your organization to connect, collaborate, and transact business across a broad group of employees, customers, partners, suppliers, and more. Unlike the making of a motion picture, where you can rehearse and do as many re-takes as needed, your cloud-hosted workloads need to be up-and-running 24 x 7 x 365. Downtime is not an option for your end-users. When operating in the cloud, this is easier said than done. The availability of the IaaS/PaaS services are completely out of your control. So how do you ensure your workloads stay online, even when your cloud provider goes down?

National Internet Outages - The New Normal?

Gabon's ongoing "Internet curfew" is, unfortunately, representative of the new normal for Internet connectivity in some countries.  After experiencing a near complete Internet outage in the country from September 1-5, connectivity returned.  However, since that time, the country has put a so-called "curfew" into place, with Internet connectivity regularly disrupted each day between 6:00 PM and 6:00 AM local time.

OpenSSL Security Update

On September 22nd, 2016, the OpenSSL project released  versions 1.1.0a, 1.0.2i, and 1.0.1u of OpenSSL. This release contains about a dozen security fixes, including one important update that we wanted the Akamai community to be specifically aware of.

Mobile is a key part of the shopping journey, both online and offline. 55 percent of Chinese consumers rate the smart phone as the most important device in making a purchase decision compared to only one-third of consumers in the US and UK. Mobile devices are also becoming the go to device for Internet access across Asia Pacific. According to an eMarketer survey, 90 percent of respondents said they accessed the Internet on their mobile devices each day, although this varies quite a bit from region to region.